Ocular Normal Flora of Newborns in Argentina and Paraguay
Eder M.1, Miño de Kaspar H.1,4, Fariña N.2, Sanabria R.2, Samudio M.2, Gines A.3, Simancas M.5, Cuevas C.6, Kossakiewicz M.1, Klauß V.1
1Augenklinik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München; 2Department of Microbiology, Instituto de Investigaciones en las Ciencias de la Salud, Asunción, Paraguay; 3Department of Ginecology, Hospital Materno Infantil Reina Sofia de la Cruz Roja, Asunción, Paraguay; 4Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California; 5Department of Ginecology, Hospital Cruz Felipe Arnedo,Clorinda, Argentina; 6Laboratorio Díaz Gíll, Asunción, Paraguay
Purpose: Conjunctival samples of 187 newborns in Argentina and Paraguay were analysed to detect the spectrum of the normal ocular flora.
Method: The majority of the examined newborns were descended of families in narrow circumstances. The newborns were divided up into a vaginal birth group and a Caesarean section group. Samples were obtained with a sterile moisture swab during an after-birth interval of 48 hours. The specimens were inoculated on blood agar, chocolate agar, Thayer Martin agar medium, and in thioglycolate broth. There was no Credé´s prophylaxis applied to the newborns before the conjunctiva specimens were taken.
Results: In the vaginal birth group 176 positive growth cultures occurred with 16 different species, w
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