Programm                 "Degeneration und Regeneration– Grundlagen, Diagnostik und Therapie"

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Quality of Life in Patients before and after Cataract Surgery – Pre- and Post-Operative Results of the SF-36 and VF-14 Tests Compared with Visual Acuity

Reichelt J. A.1, Kovács N.1,Handschuh T. 2, Siebmann J. U.2, Küchler T.2
UKSH Campus Kiel, 1Dept. of Ophthalmology; 2Reference Center for Quality of Life in the Oncology

Purpose: Improvement of visual acuity (VA) is not the only interest in cataract surgery. The question of quality of life (QOL) gains importance. In our prospective study pre- and post-operative results in VA are compared with thus of in QOL measurements.
Method: Six months after cataract surgery in their first eye 93 patients were questioned about their QOL as it had been done pre-operatively. The 36-Item Short-Form Survey (SF-36) representing general QOL and the Visual Function Index (VF-14) describing vision-related QOL were employed. 76 of the preoperative interviewed 93 patients answered half a year postoperative.
Results: There was an improvement in VA of four lines six months after cataract surgery in the first eye. Increment of VF-14 score from 76.5 before to 89.5 after surgery coincided (p<0,001). In this score 0 corresponds to worst and 100 to best QOL. General QOL measured by the SF-36 test did not reveal any significant change in the whole study cohort. The same outcome was obtained when this cohort was devided into age-related subgroups.
Conclusions: Cataract surgery in the first eye leads to improving vision-related QOL in the patients. Ge

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